7 Dimensions of Applied Behavior Analysis
Applied Behavior Analysis operates under seven interconnected dimensions. Applied behavior analysts seek to identify observable andmeasurable behaviors that are socially significant to the individual and sensitive to the culture of the community. Empirically-validated, research-based methods andinterventions are selected. Decisions regarding interventions must be data driven and closely monitored for effectiveness. All procedures must be thoroughly described so that they can be consistently applied. The ultimate goals for behavior analysts is to enable meaningful change to occur for their clients and for that change to occur in situations other than where it was explicitly taught.
7 Dimensions: #GETACAB
1. Generalization: skills/behavior occur in environments other than where they were discretely taught
2. Effective: interventions are monitored to evaluate the impact on the target behavior
3. Technological: procedures are described clearly and concisely so that other may implement accurately
4. Applied: socially significant behaviors are selected
5. Conceptually Systematic: interventions consistent with principles demonstrated in the literature
6. Analytic: decisions are data based
7. Behavior: observable and measurable behaviors are targeted
Some Basic Characteristics of Science
Description: "consists of a collection of facts about the observed events that can be quantified, classified, and examined for possible relations with other known facts - a necessary and important activity for any scientific discipline" (p 3).
Prediction: "in the presence of one event (e.g. approaching winter) another event occurs (or fails to occur) with some specified probability (e.g. certain birds fly south for the winter)" (p 3).
Control: "The ability to predict with a certain degree of confidence is a valuable and useful result of science; prediction enables preparation" (p 4).
Attitudes of the Science
Determinism: "Scientists presume that the universe, or at least that part of it they intend to probe with the methods of science, is a lawful and orderly place in which all phenomena occur as the result of other events" (p 5).
Empiricism: "...the practice of objective observation. Every effort to understand, predict, and improve behavior hinges on the behavior analyst's ability to completely define, systematically observe, and accurately record occurrences and non-occurrences of the behavior of interest" (p 5).
Experimentation: "is the basic strategy of most sciences. When events are observed to covary or occur in close temporal sequence, a functional relation may exist, but other factors may be responsible for the observed values of the dependent variable" (p 5). "An experiment is a carefully conducted comparison of some measure of the phenomenon of interest (the dependent variable) under two or more different conditions in which only one factor at a time (the independent variable) differs from one condition to another" (p 6).
Replication: "the repeating of experiments (as well as repeating independent variable conditions within experiements)" (p 6).